|Year : 2011 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 27-30
Publication trends in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sanjay Kalra1, Manash Baruah2, AG Unnikrishnan3, Rakesh Sahay4
1 Department of Endocrinology, BRIDE, Karnal, India
2 Excel Hospitals, Guwahati, India
3 AIMS, Kochi, India
4 Osmania Hospital, Hyderabad, India
|Date of Web Publication||12-Mar-2011|
BRIDE, Kunjpura Road, Karnal-132 001
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
| Abstract|| |
Background: The Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism (IJEM) has been online since 2007. Materials and Methods: This paper reviews the publication in this journal over a 3-year period (2007-2009).It assess the types of articles published, the coverage of various subspecialities of endocrinology and metabolism in the journal, and explores the authorship patterns in the publication. Results and Conclusion: IJEM has delivered broad-based, balanced coverage of endocrinology and metabolism between 2007 and 2009, with contributions from all over India, as well as abroad. The largest contributor of original articles has been AIIMS, New Delhi, while the bulk of review/update articles, case reports and images have been contributed by SKIMS, Srinagar.
Keywords: Endocrinology, IJEM, India, publication, research
|How to cite this article:|
Kalra S, Baruah M, Unnikrishnan A G, Sahay R. Publication trends in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Indian J Endocr Metab 2011;15:27-30
|How to cite this URL:|
Kalra S, Baruah M, Unnikrishnan A G, Sahay R. Publication trends in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 May 27];15:27-30. Available from: http://www.ijem.in/text.asp?2011/15/1/27/77581
| Introduction|| |
Indian endocrinology has grown immensely in recent years. From humble beginnings in 1971, when the Endocrine Society of India (ESI) was formed, the profession has progressed rapidly. One of the declared aims of ESI is to print publish and distribute among its members, journal relating to the recent advances in research.  With this in mind, IJEM official journal of the society was launched. In its 11 th year of existence, in 2007, it was put online through the efforts of Dr. AC Ammini, Professor and Head, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, AIIMS, New Delhi. A new editorial team, with Dr. Ashraf Ganie, as Executive Editor, based at SKIMS Srinagar, took over.
Much energy and effort is expended by leading journals in trying to quantitatively assess their work. Statistics are displayed by publications regarding their authorship and readership. At a glance, an observer can make out where a particular journal's authors and readers hail from in the world. 
Comparative statistics reveal the relative importance of journal through impact factors cited half-life, aggregate impact factor, page rank algorithm, eigenfactor, SCImago journal rank, immediacy indices and citation indices. ,,, However, to be assessed in this manner, a journal needs to be indexed in one or more of the many global publication directories, such as PubMed or Scopus. 
IJEM is so far not included in any global index of medical publication. Hence it does not figure in lists of journal with impact factors or citation indices.
No assessment has been done till date of the nature of articles published in IJEM. This work aims to assess the nature and characteristics of IJEM articles, case reports and images. Through this, the authors hope to be able to assess the current status of Indian endocrine research.
The purpose of this work is to analyze the efficacy of IJEM as a mirror of Indian endocrinology, and to serve as a benchmark for future comparisons. The paper also hopes to sensitize all endocrinologists, especially members of ESI, to the need to support IJEM by contributing their best to the journal.
| Material and Methods|| |
A total of three volumes (11, 12 and 13) of IJEM were analysed. These are available on the society website (www.endosocietyindia.org).
The articles published were analyzed for type of article (editorial, original article, review article, update article, case reports and images in endocrinology), institution of first author, and subspeciality (pituitary, parathyroid, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal, gonads and others). Analysis was carried out independently by all authors, and discrepancies were resolved by consensus.
For comparison, a Boolean search was carried out on PubMed and Google Scholar, to assess the contribution of the leading authors of IJEM to international endocrine literature. The terms used were 'Srinagar AND endocrinology', 'All-India Institute of Medical Sciences AND endocrinology', 'Bharti Hospital, Karnal AND endocrinology', and 'Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi AND endocrinology'. The Google Scholar search was limited to articles, without patents, with at least summaries, excluding citations, from 2007 onwards.
The data collected is presented in this brief article.
| Results|| |
Over 3 years, IJEM published seven issues, comprising three volumes. These issues include a total of 74 submissions, comprising seven editorials, 18 original articles, 11 reviews, 7 update articles, 17 case reports and 14 images in endocrinology [Table 1].
The total number of articles published declined in 2009. The number fell from 27 in 2007, and 32 in 2008 to 15 in 2009. However, the editor ensured continuity of every section [Table 2] of the journal, by including at least one original article, review, update article, case report and image in each issue.
The articles published in the journal cover every subspeciality of endocrinology and metabolism [Table 3]. Of the seven editorials, two dealt with gonads, one with pituitary, one with thyroid, one with childhood obesity, one with bone mineral metabolism and one with the general scenario of endocrinology in South Asia.
Original contributions related to the pancreas/diabetes (22.22%) and thyroid (16.67%). Metabolic bone disease/parathyroid, and gonads/reproductive endocrinology (13.33%), pituitary, adrenal, lipid metabolism and transplant endocrinology were also covered in the original articles.
Review articles (n=11) and update articles (n=7) were analyzed together, because of the similarities between the two categories. These articles covered thyroid, metabolic bone disease/parathyroid, pancreas, gonads and lipid metabolism with almost equal weightage [Table 3], while reviewing adrenal science as well. No review on pituitary medicine was published.
Case reports formed an important part of IJEM. The lack of reviews on pituitary was compensated, in part, by four case reports related to the same (23.53%). Three case reports each on adrenal and thyroid were also published (21.44%), with coverage being given to all other glands except pancreas.
The Images in Endocrinology section covered five glands, with significant contribution from pituitary, metabolic bone disease/parathyroid, pancreas and adrenal medicine [Table 3].
No letters to the editor were published during the period studied.
When all articles were assessed as a single group, the coverage of various subspecialities was found to be remarkably balanced. The editor was able to achieve, over a three year period, nearly equal weightage for different glands. Metabolic bone disease was covered with 13 articles. Thyroidology was well- represented by 11 articles. Gonads, pancreas and parathyroid contributed 10 articles each. Pituitary and adrenal were covered in 9 articles each [Table 3].
The submissions were also assessed according to institution of first author [Table 4]. The largest number of original articles was received from AIIMS, New Delhi (28.88%). This was followed by SKIMS, Srinagar (16.67%), AIMS, Kochi, and BRIDE, Karnal (11.11% each). One contribution each (5.57%) was received from six other institutions.
Review and update articles originated from SKIMS, Srinagar (33.33%), BRIDE Karnal (16.67%), MAMC, New Delhi, and GMC Srinagar (11.11% each). One contribution each (5.57%) was received from five other institutions.
The bulk of case reports were contributed by various departments of SKIMS, Srinagar (52.94%) and AIIMS, New Delhi (21.4%). Images, too, were contributed mostly by SKIMS, Srinagar (64.29%), with MAMC, New Delhi being the second largest contributor (14.28%).
When viewed as a whole, maximum contributions were from SKIMS, Srinagar (44.59%), and AIIMS, New Delhi (13.51%). AIIMS, New Delhi contributed most original articles. Academic institutions contributed the bulk of articles (81.08%), with MAMC New Delhi (5.40%), Government Medical College, Srinagar (4.05%), AIMS, Kochi and PGI, Chandigarh (2.70 % each) contributing their bit to the journal.
One case report was received from Saudi Arabia and one review article from UK. All other contributions (97.30%) were from India. No articles originating from other South Asian countries were received. There were no submissions from the strong Indian endocrine diaspora settled abroad, apart from the two articles from Saudi Arabia and UK.
In PubMed, 'Srinagar AND endocrinology' elicited 60 responses. Similar searches for 'All-India Institute of Medical Sciences AND endocrinology' and 'Bharti Hospital, Karnal' revealed 129 and 7 hits respectively. No responses were seen when a similar search for MAMC, New Delhi was performed.
A similar Boolean search on Google Scholar revealed 695 hits for 'All-India Institute of Medical Sciences AND endocrinology', from 2007 onwards, excluding patents, and excluding citations. 28 responses to 'SKIMS Srinagar AND endocrinology' and 4 to 'GMC Srinagar AND endocrinology' were obtained. A search for 'Bharti Hospital, Karnal AND endocrinology' threw up 39 publications, while 'MAMC New Delhi AND endocrinology' gave 104 responses.
Such searches were not performed for the other contributors to IJEM.
| Discussion|| |
This article has tried to assess the publications trends of IJEM, the official journal of the ESI. While the numbers of published articles have fallen in 2009, an optimal balance has been maintained between the various subspecialities. It is noteworthy that in spite of presence of dynamic sister journals such as Thyroid Research and Practice, and International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries, IJEM has been able to attract original articles, reviews, cases and images related to thyroid and diabetes practice.
Most contributions have come from prestigious academic institutions of the country. These include AIIMS, New Delhi (maximum original articles), SKIMS, Srinagar (maximum reviews, case reports and images), MAMC New Delhi (second highest images), GMC Srinagar and AIMS, Kochi (third highest original articles). However, the journal has highlighted contributions from all parts of the country, including other academic institutions, the railways, the Armed Forces, and private/ corporate hospitals.
In relative terms, corporate and private hospitals have not contributed enough. This is surprising, because the bulk of endocrine care in India is delivered by the private sector today. Corporate hospitals also handle a variety of endocrine morbidity from around the world, as medical tourism grows. This has not been represented adequately in IJEM.
While the bulk of articles have been of Indian origin, one review from UK, and one case report from Saudi Arabia has also been published.
All major contributors to IJEM have been writing actively for international journals as well, as evidenced by their strong presence in citation indices such as PubMed and Google Scholar.
The articles published in IJEM, sadly, do not provide a complete picture of the dynamic force that Indian endocrinology is today. Many researchers have chosen not to publish their finding in IJEM, preferring foreign journals instead. It is a credit to the editorial team that it has not allowed this to impact the quality, depth and broad spectrum of the journal. The executive editor has worked tirelessly to solicit and collect original articles and reviews/updates from various sources, while maintaining an all-India, and pan-endocrine character of IJEM.
This study has tried to assess and highlight the publication trends in IJEM. However, it has not assessed the department of origin of various authors. It has also listed the institutions of first authors only, without taking into consideration institutions of work of co-authors, which may have been different in multi-institution submissions.
At times, it was difficult to classify the sub specialty of a particular paper (e.g., bone disease in thyrotoxicosis). The ambiguous classifications were resolved by consensus amongst the authors.
| Conclusions|| |
IJEM has published a large number of manuscripts over the three years studied (2007-2009). These papers span the whole spectrum of endocrinology and metabolism, and cover a wide range of topics. Contributions from all parts of the country, ranging from Kashmir to Kerala acknowledge the pan Indian growth of the speciality.
Contributions from all Indian endocrinologists are required to make IJEM a journal that we can be proud of; a journal that can truly be called the 'global face of Indian endocrinology.'
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[Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4]