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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 78-81

Thyroid disorders in India: An epidemiological perspective


Department of Endocrinology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Ambika Gopalakrishnan Unnikrishnan
Department of Endocrinology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala
India
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DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.83329

PMID: 21966658

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Thyroid diseases are common worldwide. In India too, there is a significant burden of thyroid diseases. According to a projection from various studies on thyroid disease, it has been estimated that about 42 million people in India suffer from thyroid diseases. This review will focus on the epidemiology of five common thyroid diseases in India: (1) hypothyroidism, (2) hyperthyroidism, (3) goiter and iodine deficiency disorders, (4) Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and (5) thyroid cancer. This review will also briefly cover the exciting work that is in progress to ascertain the normal reference range of thyroid hormones in India, especially in pregnancy and children.


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