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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 361-366

Pediatric endocrine hypertension


Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Nisha Bhavani
Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.86980

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Endocrine causes of hypertension are rare in children and screening for endocrine hypertension in children should be carried out only after ruling out renal and renovascular causes. Excess levels and/or action of mineralocorticoids associated with low renin levels lead to childhood hypertension and this can be caused by various conditions which are discussed in detail in the article. Childhood pheochromocytomas are being increasingly diagnosed because of the improved application of genetic testing for familial syndromes associated with pheochromocytomas. Adolescents with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) can also have hypertension associated with their obese phenotype.


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