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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-55

Metabolic syndrome in South Asians


Department of Endocrinology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Kaushik Pandit
Department of Endocrinology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research and SSKM Hospital, 244 AJC Bose Road, Kolkata - 700 020
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.91187

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South Asia is home to one of the largest population of people with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The prevalence of MetS in South Asians varies according to region, extent of urbanization, lifestyle patterns, and socioeconomic/cultural factors. Recent data show that about one-third of the urban population in large cities in India has the MetS. All classical risk factors comprising the MetS are prevalent in Asian Indians residing in India. The higher risk in this ethnic population necessitated a lowering of the cut-off values of the risk factors to identify and intervene for the MetS to prevent diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Some pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions are underway in MetS to assess the efficacy in preventing the diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this ethnic population.


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