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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 88-93

Obesity, periodontal and general health: Relationship and management


1 Department of Periodontics, Himachal Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Paonta Sahib, Sirmour, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, HP Govt. Dental College, (IGMC) Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Parveen Dahiya
Department of Periodontics, Himachal Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Paonta Sahib, Sirmour 173025, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.91200

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Obesity is a multifaceted subject. It has increased at an alarming rate in recent years. Being overweight increases the likelihood of a patient having associated health and social problems which may affect dental services and dental management. A review of the literature on obesity and periodontal disease suggested that they both confound each other and obesity itself has been recognized as a major risk factor for periodontal disease. It has been found that adverse effects of obesity on the periodontium may be mediated through pro-inflammatory cytokines and various other bioactive substances. This article tries to focus on the possible role of obesity and obesity-related diseases like diabetes and coronary heart diseases (CHD), as a potential contributor to periodontal disease and vice versa. The meanings of these associations can be useful for various diagnostic and treatment planning purposes.


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