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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 759-763

Association of depression and its relation with complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes


Department of Medicine, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, U.P., India

Correspondence Address:
Sarita Bajaj
Department of Medicine, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, U.P.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.100670

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Introduction: The prevalence of major depressive disorders is higher among persons with diabetes compared to the general population. These associations may be related to the increased risk of depressive symptoms in individuals with diabetes, increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in individuals with depressive symptoms, or both. Objectives: To study the association of depression with diabetes and its complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in eastern UP. Material and Methods: Sixty cases and an equal number of age- and sex-matched controls were assessed for depression, diabetes complications, and a demography profile. Results: Depression was found in 26 (43.34%) cases, while it was present in only eight (13.33%) controls (P = 0.002). Depression correlated with the level of hyperglycemia at presentation, as measured by fasting and postprandial blood glucose (FBG and PPBG) values. The presence of diabetic nephropathy was significantly associated with depression, while the prevalence of other complications of diabetes (retinopathy and dyslipidemia), although higher among those with depression, was not statistically significant. The level of HbA1c was 8.56 ± 1.66 in the depressed versus 8.04 ± 1.88 in the non-depressed diabetics (P = 0.26). Conclusions: The association of depression with diabetes and its complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics was highlighted in our subpopulation and emphasized the need for integrated health services. The prevalence of depression was higher among them compared to controls. The chances of becoming depressed increased as the diabetes complications worsened.


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