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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 133-137

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adolescents aged 10-18 years in Jammu, J and K


1 Department of Pediatrics, G.M.C, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Surgery ASCOMS, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Medicine, G.M.C, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravi Kumar Parihar
, Senior Resident, Department of Pediatrics, S.M.G.S Hospital, Government Medical College Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir 180 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.107849

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Objective: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adolescents attending school in the Jammu region, India. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted between November 2009 and December 2010, among a total of 1160 school-going adolescents of both sexes aged 10-18 years. Relevant metabolic and anthropometric variables were analyzed and criteria suggested by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel Third (NCEP-ATP III) modified for age was used to define metabolic syndrome. Results: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 2.6%. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was higher in males (3.84%) than in females (1.6%) and slightly higher in urban area (2.80%) than in rural area (2.52%), whereas prevalence of metabolic syndrome among centrally obese subjects was as high as 33.33%. High density lipoprotein cholesterol was the most common and high blood pressure was the least common constituent of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome was most prevalent in 16-18 years age group (4.79%). Conclusion : This study demonstrates that metabolic syndrome phenotype exists in substantial number (up to 3%) of adolescent population in the Jammu region, India, and particularly 33% of obese adolescents are at risk to develop metabolic syndrome. These findings pose a serious threat to the current and future health of these young people.


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