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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 672-676

Anthropometric characteristics and dietary pattern of women with polycystic ovary syndrome

1 Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Nutrition, School of Para-Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
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Source of Support: This study was supported by student research committee of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences by the grant number 88-4879,, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.113759

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Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age.PCOS is considered to be not only a reproductive endocrinopathy, but also a metabolic disorder.The objective of the present study was to characterize the anthropometric and dietary profile of women with PCOS and to compare it with that of healthy age-matched women. Design: In this case-control study, 65 women with PCOS served as cases. The control group consisted of 65 age-matched healthy women. For each participant, demographic, anthropometric and dietary intake data were gathered and compared between the two groups. Results: There was no significant difference between the mean of the body mass index of the two groups, but the mean of waist circumference was significantly higher in the PCOS group, than the control group ( P = 0.016). Compared to the normal weight PCOS patients, a significantly higher percentage of overweight patients had hirsutism ( P = 0.009). In dietary analysis, women with PCOS consumed more calories and more fat than healthy women ( P = 0.001 and P = 0.019, respectively). Conclusion: It is concluded that in PCOS patients, android obesity is a common feature and this abdominal adiposity may be related to the syndrome's complications. PCOS symptoms were more severe in overweight patients than the normal weight. Regarding the dietary pattern, it was indicated that patients with PCOS consume more calories and more fat in their diets and this might have been correlated to their disease.

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