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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 747-750

Hypertensive emergency: A unique manifestation of a pituitary disorder

Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Narendra Kotwal
Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.113775

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Acromegaly a common pituitary disorder has significant adverse effects on well-being and survival. The slight increase in the prevalence of hypertension in acromegaly is well known and is proposed to be the direct effects of growth hormone. The hypertension for calculating the prevalence in most series was defined as diastolic more than 100 mmHg, but hypertensive emergency is rarely ever described in the literature. Growth hormone excess has been associated with renal manifestations such as hypercalciuria and nephrolithiasis, but never with renal failure. We present a case referred to a tertiary care nephrology center with malignant hypertension. This is the first case of a patient of acromegaly presenting with hypertensive emergency progressing to malignant nephrosclerosis and renal failure.

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