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CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 756-758

A case of hemiagenesis of thyroid with double ectopic thyroid tissue


1 Alpha Hospital and Research Center, Madurai, India
2 ACEER, Chennai, India
3 Ragavendhar Hospital, Madurai, India
4 Islet Cell, University of Minnesota, Minnesota, United States

Correspondence Address:
Kumaravel Velayutham
Alpha Hospital and Research Center, Institute for Diabetes and Endocrinology, 2B/2C Gate Lock Road, Madurai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.113777

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Developmental abnormalities of the thyroid gland are very rare. The most common abnormalities include ectopic thyroid tissues that are commonly seen in lingual or sublingual location, agenesis, and hemiagenesis of the thyroid gland. These developmental defects may or may not be associated with thyroid dysfunction. Our case is an 18-year-old male who presented with swelling in the neck of 4-year duration. Clinical examination revealed an oval-shape swelling in the left side of the thyroid gland. The ultrasound and the nuclear scan report revealed the presence of thyroid hemiagenesis of the right lobe with isthmus along with double ectopic thyroid tissue at suprahyoid and infrahyoid region. His thyroid function test showed elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and normal free T4. We report a very rare case of thyroid hemiagenesis with double ectopic thyroid tissue; and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the world literature.


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