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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 996-1004

Pregnancy and pituitary disorders: Challenges in diagnosis and management


Department of Endocrinology, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Bashir A Laway
Department of Endocrinology, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.122608

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Pregnancy is associated with normal physiological changes in endocrine system that assists fetal survival as well as preparation of labor. The pituitary gland is one of the most affected organs in which major changes in anatomy and physiology take place. Due to overlapping clinical and biochemical features of pregnancy, sometimes the diagnosis of pituitary disorders may be challenging. It is important to know what normal parameters of changes occur in endocrine system in order to diagnose and manage complex endocrine problems in pregnancy. In our present review, we will focus on pituitary disorders that occur exclusively during pregnancy like Sheehan's syndrome and lymphocytic hypophysitis and pre-existing pituitary disorders (like prolactinoma, Cushing's disease and acromegaly), which poses significant challenge to endocrinologists.


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