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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 130-131

A rare case of short stature: Say Meyer syndrome


Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication11-Oct-2013

Correspondence Address:
P Amaresh Reddy
Associate Professor, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.119531

PMID: 24251132

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   Abstract 

Introduction: Say Meyer syndrome is rare X linked condition characterized by developmental delay, short stature and metopic suture synostosis. We are reporting a case of Say Meyer syndrome presented to our hospital for short stature and developmental delay at age 3΍ years. Case Report: A 3½-year-old boy presented to our hospital for decreased growth velocity from the age of 1 year. History revealed the boy had a birth weight of 2.3 kg, had an episode of seizures in the neonatal period. He was born to non-consanguineous marriage. He had global developmental delay and there was a lack of bowel and bladder control. History did not reveal any hearing or visual impairment. No history of any chronic systemic illnesses. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain revealed mild diffuse frontotemporal atrophy with multiple irregular gliotic areas in bilateral frontal lobes. Diffuse white matter volume loss in bilateral cerebral hemispheres. Diffuse thinning of corpus callosum. Diffuse periventricular hyper intensity on T2W and fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequences. Conclusion: Say Meyer syndrome is rare X linked condition characterized by developmental delay, short stature and metopic suture synostosis. Characteristic MRI brain findings include diffuse frontotemporal atrophy with multiple gliotic areas in frontal lobes. Diffuse white matter volume loss in bilateral cerebral hemispheres.

Keywords: Craniosynostosis, frontotemporal atrophy, multiple gliotic areas, Say Meyer syndrome, short stature


How to cite this article:
Karthik T S, Prasad N R, Rani P R, Maheshwari R, Reddy P A, Chakradhar B, Menon B. A rare case of short stature: Say Meyer syndrome. Indian J Endocr Metab 2013;17, Suppl S1:130-1

How to cite this URL:
Karthik T S, Prasad N R, Rani P R, Maheshwari R, Reddy P A, Chakradhar B, Menon B. A rare case of short stature: Say Meyer syndrome. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2013 [cited 2014 Oct 26];17, Suppl S1:130-1. Available from: http://www.ijem.in/text.asp?2013/17/7/130/119531


   Introduction Top


Say Meyer syndrome is rare X linked condition characterized by developmental delay, short stature and metopic suture synostosis.


   Case Report Top


A 3½-year-old boy presented to our hospital for decreased growth velocity from the age of 1 year. History revealed the boy had a birth weight of 2.3 kg and he had an episode of seizures in the neonatal period. He was born to non-consanguineous marriage. He had global developmental delay and there was a lack of bowel and bladder control. History did not reveal any hearing or visual impairment. No history of any chronic systemic illnesses.

On clinical examination, height was 88 cm, weight was 9 kg and head circumference was 42 cm. Vitals were normal. Upper segment 44 cm and lower segment was 44 cm. He had hypotelorism, squint and a prominent metopic suture [Figure 1]. Thyroid profile, urine examination, renal parameters, serum calcium, serum bicarbonate were normal. Screening echocardiography and ultrasound abdomen was unremarkable.
Figure 1: Metopic suture synostosis

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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain revealed mild diffuse frontotemporal atrophy with multiple irregular gliotic areas in bilateral frontal lobes. Diffuse white matter volume loss in bilateral cerebral hemispheres [Figure 2]. Diffuse thinning of corpus callosum. Diffuse periventricular hyper intensity on T2W and fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequences.
Figure 2: Diffuse white matter volume loss

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   Discussion Top


Say Meyer syndrome is a rare X linked disorder characterized by developmental delay, high arched palate, metopic suture synostosis and short stature. It is characterized by hypotelorism, early growth failure, esotropia, long eyelashes, high arched palate and hypospadias. [1]

MRI of the brain typically reveals a decreased volume of white matter with associated a trophy, brainstem, which is smaller in size, thinning of the corpus callosum, unvisualized genu and rostrum, increased signal intensity in the periventrlcular regions suggesting periventricular leukomalacia and enlarged ventricles. Skull radiographs show a decreased interorbital distance and a sclerotic metopic suture. [1]


   Conclusion Top


Say Meyer syndrome is one of the rare syndromic causes of short stature, which has to be considered among patients with coexisting dysmorphism and developmental delay.

 
   References Top

1.Gottesman GS, Silhavy JA, Singh GK, Marlin DS. Say-Meyer syndrome: A new case with Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, cardiacabnormality and X linked dominant inheritance pattern. Genet Med 2000;2:78-78.  Back to cited text no. 1
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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