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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 355-360

Chronic complications in newly diagnosed patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in India

1 Diabetologist, Diacon Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, MSRMC, Bangalore, India
3 Consultant Diabetologist, Jaslok Hospital, Mumbai, India
4 Consultant Diabetologist Nigam Diabetes Center, Jaipur, India
5 Consultant Endocrinologist, Srinagar, India
6 Department of Medicine, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, India
7 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Correspondence Address:
Aravind Sosale
360, 19th Main, 1st Block, Rajajinagar, Bangalore - 560 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: UGC, Sri Lanka, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.131184

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Background: Prevalence of diabetes is on an increase in India, currently there is limited nation-wide data regarding the prevalence of chronic complications in diabetic patients at diagnosis. This information will help health-care professionals approach management more aggressively to prevent complications. Objective: To determine the prevalence of chronic complications in newly-diagnosed Type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients in India. Design and Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of T2D patients, diagnosed within 3 months of their first visit to the centers doing the survey. Each patient was screened for diabetic complications, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and body mass index. Family history was recorded. Standard protocols were used to make the diagnosis of retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy. Data analysis was carried out using the standard statistical techniques. Results: Of the total 4,600 (males 67%, females 33%) newly diagnosed patients with T2D, majority were from the age group 41-50 years (40%). 13.15% of newly detected India T2D had neuropathy 6.1% had retinopathy and 1.06% had nephropathy. Risk factors of macro vascular complication such as hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia were observed in 23.3%, 26%, and 27% of patients respectively. Ischemic heart disease was noticed in 6%. Conclusion: High prevalence of micro vascular complications was present at diagnosis along with association of CV cardiovascular risk factors among Indian T2D. In view of this, screening must be instituted for all diabetics for complications at the time of diagnosis itself.

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