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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 204-220

Need for neonatal screening program in India: A national priority


1 Department of Human Nutriion, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Government Home Science College, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Sareen
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.149315

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In India, out of 342 districts surveyed, 286 have been identified as endemic to iodine deficiency (ID). Research studies conducted in school age children (SAC), Adolescent girls, Pregnant Mothers (PMs) and Neonates have documented poor iodine nutritional status. As observed by total goiter rate of more than 5% and median urinary iodine concentration level of <100 μg/l in SAC and <150 μg/l in PMs as prescribed cutoff of World Health Organization. And higher thyroid stimulating hormone levels among neonates. ID leads to compromised mental development and hence which remain hidden and not visible to family, program managers and administrator. The present review describes the current status of ID in different parts of the country. With a view to strongly recommend the implementation of Neonatal screening program for ID so that the optimal mental development of children can be achieved.


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