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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 731-733

Status of serum vitamin D and calcium levels in women of reproductive age in national capital territory of India


1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Science, Banasthali University, Newai, Rajasthan; Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, India
2 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Science, Banasthali University, Newai, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, India
4 Department of Surgical Disciplines, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, India
5 Department of Cardiac Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, India
6 National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, India
7 Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NewDelhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Nighat Yaseen Sofi
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Science, Banasthali University, Newai - 304 022, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_134_17

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Context: In India, Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem, associated with lack of sunlight exposure in spite of abundant sunshine usually accompanied by reduced dietary intake. In women of reproductive age, Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Aims: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate the levels of serum Vitamin D 25(OH) D and calcium in women of reproductive age from India. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was carried on a total of 224 healthy nonpregnant and nonlactating women in the reproductive age group of 20–49 years. Materials and Methods: Demographic, socioeconomic class, and biochemical parameters for the estimation of serum 25(OH)D and calcium levels in women of reproductive age were studied. Statistical Analysis: Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0 was utilized for conducting the statistical analysis of the data. Results: Vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/ml) was present in 88% of women. Women from middle socioeconomic class had the lowest mean serum 25(OH) D levels (9.6 ± 6 ng/ml) as compared to women from upper middle (11.4 ± 8 ng/ml), lower (11.2 ± 8 ng/ml), and upper (10 ± 8.6 ng/ml) socioeconomic class. Serum calcium levels were found in the normal range of 8.5–10.5 mg/dl for all the study subjects. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among women of reproductive age. These women may possibly have a higher risk of development of osteoporosis and pregnancy-related complications in future life.


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