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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 316-320

Correlation of thyroid hormone profile with biochemical markers of renal function in patients with undialyzed chronic kidney disease


Department of Medicine, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Swati Srivastava
A-1/76, Chitrakoot Scheme, Near Vaishali Nagar, Jaipur - 302 021, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_475_17

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Objective: The present study was conducted to evaluate the correlation of renal functions with thyroid hormone levels in patients with undialyzed chronic kidney disease (CKD). Literature shows significant alteration in thyroid hormone function tests in CKD patients who are receiving long-standing dialysis treatment. However, not much is described in those receiving conservative management without dialysis. Although CKD is associated with an increased prevalence of primary hypothyroidism, various studies on thyroid hormone status in uremic patients have reported conflicting results. Methodology: Thyroid hormone levels and biochemical markers of renal function were estimated in 30 undialyzed CKD patients and similar number of age- and sex-matched healthy controls, followed by statistical analysis and correlation. Results: Free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) were found to be significantly reduced (P < 0.001 for each) in undialyzed CKD patients whereas thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels showed statistically insignificant alteration in both groups. We also observed that urea and creatinine were negatively correlated whereas creatinine clearance was positively correlated with both FT3 and FT4 having high statistical (two tailed) significance with P < 0.001. Nonsignificant correlation was seen between blood urea and TSH (r = 0.236, P = 0.069), creatinine clearance, and TSH (r = 0.206, P = 0.114 Pearson's correlation coefficient). There is just significant positive correlation between the serum creatinine values and TSH (r = 0.248, P = 0.049). Conclusions: Thyroid hormones were significantly decreased in undialyzed CKD patients as compared to healthy controls.


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