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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 410-416

Intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring in guiding adequate parathyroidectomy

1 General and Minimal Access Surgery, Skims, Soura, India
2 Department of General and Minimal Access Surgery, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
4 Department of Immunology, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Aabid Hassan Naik
IRM Lane Sector A, House No. 21 Budshshnagar, Natipora, Srinagar - 190 015, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_678_17

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Background: Parathyroidectomy has been traditionally performed through bilateral neck exploration (BNE). However, with the use of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) assay along with preoperative localization studies, focused parathyroidectomy can be performed with good surgical success rate, multiglandular disease can be predicted, and hence recurrence and surgical failure can be prevented. Furthermore, it predicts eucalcemia in the postoperative period. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of IOPTH assay in guiding adequate parathyroidectomy in patients of primary hyperparathyroidism. Materials and Methods: Between year 2015 and 2017, 45 patients of primary hyperparathyroidism underwent parathyroidectomy with IOPTH assay employed as an intraoperative tool to guide the surgical procedure. Blood samples were collected: (1) at preincision time, (2) preexcision of gland, (3) 5-min postexcision of gland, and (4) 10-min postexcision of gland. On the basis of the Irvin criterion, an intraoperative PTH drop >50% from the highest either preincision or preexcision level after parathyroid excision was considered a surgical success. Otherwise, BNE was performed and search for other parathyroid glands done. Results: Ten-min postexcision PTH levels dropped >50% in 34 (75.6%) patients. True positive among them were 31 (68.8%), true negative 8 (17.7%), false positive 3 (6.6%), and false negative 3 (6.6%). We performed focused exploration at the outset in 40 (88.9%) patients and bilateral exploration for five patients as guided by preoperative localizing studies. Hence, IOPTH was helpful in guiding further exploration in 8 (17.7%) patients and prevented further exploration in 32 (71.1%) patients and also was able to predict eucalcemia in 97.7% patients at 6 months. Thus, IOPTH was able to obviate or to ask for additional procedure in 88.8% of patients. However, in three (6.6%) patients, IOPTH would guide unnecessary exploration and in equally, that is, three (6.6%) patients may require reoperation for unidentified parathyroids. Conclusion: IOPTH in adjunct with other localizing studies is very helpful for carrying out successful parathyroidectomy in uniglandular disease and predicting postoperative eucalcemia. However, more importantly, its role is valuable in equivocal imaging, in such cases, it prevents unnecessary exploration or helps in adequate parathyroidectomy.

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