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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 627-631

Comparison of efficacy and safety of fixed dose combination of rosuvastatin and choline fenofibrate to fixed dose combination of rosuvastatin and fenofibrate in patients of mixed dyslipidemia: A randomized, open-label, multicentre clinical trial in Indian population


1 Medical Services, Intas Pharmaceuticals Limited, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Medical Services, Lambda Therapeutic Research Limited, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Hanmant Barkate
Medical Services, Intas Pharmaceuticals Limited, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_321_16

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Introduction: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of fixed-dose combination (FDC) of rosuvastatin and choline fenofibrate in comparison to rosuvastatin and fenofibrate FDC among Indian patients of mixed dyslipidemia. This would be a first study evaluating FDC of rosuvastatin and choline fenofibrate in Indian population. Methods: A multicenter, open-label, randomized, active controlled, comparative, parallel-design study was conducted at 12 centers spread all across India. Mixed dyslipidemic patients aged 18–70 years were randomized to FDC of rosuvastatin 10 mg and choline fenofibrate 135 mg (RCF group) and FDC of rosuvastatin 10 mg and fenofibrate 160 mg (RF group) once daily for approximately 180 days. The primary endpoint of study was percentage change in serum triglyceride level at the end of study from baseline. Results: Of 290 patients screened, 240 patients were enrolled in this study (120 patients in each group). At the end of 180 days, there was a significant reduction in triglyceride level in both the groups (−37.7% in RCF group and −37.8% reduction in RF group; P < 0.0001 for both); however, the difference between both the groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.94). Similarly, there was significant increase (P < 0.0001 for both) in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in both groups (+17.8% in RCF group and +14.9% in rosuvastatin fenofibrate RF group). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low-LDL (VLDL-C), and total cholesterol were also reduced significantly in both groups (P < 0.0001). However, the difference between two groups for increase in HDL-C and decrease in LDL-C, VLDL-C, and total cholesterol was not significant. Both the treatments were safe and well tolerated. Conclusion: Overall, FDC of rosuvastatin and choline fenofibrate is as safe and effective as rosuvastatin and fenofibrate combination in Indian patients with mixed dyslipidemia with added advantage improved patient compliance as it can be taken irrespective of intake of food.


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