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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 76-80

Safety and efficacy of bipolar radiofrequency ablation device in hemostasis during thyroidectomy in comparison with ultrasonic scalpel: A comparative study


1 Department of Surgery, Al-Shiffa General Hospital, Basra, Iraq
2 The Specialized Endocrine and Diabetes Center, Al-Mawani Teaching Hospital, Basra, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Majid H Alabbood
The Specialized Endocrine and Diabetes Center, Al-Mawani Teaching Hospital, Basra
Iraq
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_519_18

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Aim: Ultrasonic scalpel is one of the recent advances in surgical technology. The main limitation of their use is the cost. However, radiofrequency ablation device is a refined type of electrosurgical cautery that can be used with conventional reusable bipolar cautery forceps. This study aims to compare the efficacy of bipolar radiofrequency ablation device that can be used with conventional reusable bipolar cautery forceps for hemostasis and dissection during thyroidectomy with that of ultrasonic scalpel. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients underwent total thyroidectomy were recruited at Alshiffa General Hospital, Basrah, Iraq from March 2016 to June 2017. The participants were divided into two equal groups: in the first group thyroid dissection was done with ultrasonic scalpel, and in the second group thyroid dissection was done with bipolar radiofrequency ablation device. Outcome and complications of both procedures were analyzed statistically and compared. Results: The bipolar radiofrequency ablation device significantly reduced the mean operative time by (−15.35 min) in comparison to ultrasonic scalpel. The Bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation Device (BRFA) group reported a mean operative time of 50.13 ± 14.16 compared to 65.49 ± 7.78 in the US group with, P value = 0.001. There was no statistically significant difference in the other outcome parameters and the rate of complications reported between the two devices during this study. Conclusion: The bipolar radiofrequency ablation device that can be used with conventional reusable bipolar cautery forceps is a simple, safe, and time-saving adjunct for thyroid surgeries and equally effective as compared to costly instruments like ultrasonic scalpel.Clinical Significance: The bipolar radiofrequency device can be used in thyroid surgery to secure hemostasis, save time, and cost.


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