Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

BRIEF COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 489--491

Prospective randomized controlled intervention trial: Comprehensive Yogic Breathing Improves Cardiac autonomic functions and Quality of life in Diabetes


VP Jyotsna1, Smita Ambekar1, Rajiv Singla1, Ansumali Joshi1, Anju Dhawan2, Neeta Kumar3, Nandita Gupta1, V Sreenivas4, KK Deepak5,  
1 Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Indian Council of Medical Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
V P Jyotsna
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, AIIMS, New Delhi
India

Abstract

Aims and Objectives: To assess the effect of Comprehensive Yogic Breathing Program on glycemic control, quality of life, and cardiac autonomic functions in diabetes. Material and Methods: This is a prospective randomized controlled intervention trial. Cardiac autonomic functions were assessed in 120 diabetics. Patients were randomized into two groups, one group receiving standard therapy for diabetes (n = 56) and the other group receiving standard therapy for diabetes and comprehensive yogic breathing program (n = 64). Standard therapy included advice on diet, walk, and oral antidiabetic drugs. Comprehensive yogic breathing program was an interactive session in which Sudarshan kriya yoga, a rhythmic cyclical breathing, preceded by Pranayam was taught under guidance of a certified teacher. Change in fasting, post prandial blood sugars, glycated hemoglobin, and quality of life were assessed. Cardiac autonomic function tests were done before and six months after intervention. Results: There was significant improvement in psychological (P = 0.006) and social domains (P = 0.04) and total quality of life (P = 0.02) in the group practicing comprehensive yogic breathing program as compared to the group following standard therapy alone. In the group following breathing program, the improvement in sympathetic cardiac autonomic functions was statistically significant (P = 0.01), while the change in the standard group was not significant (P = 0.17). When both parasympathetic and sympathetic cardiac autonomic functions were considered, there was a trend toward improvement in patients following comprehensive yogic breathing program (P = 0.07). In the standard therapy group, no change in cardiac autonomic functions was noted (P = 0.76). The parameters of glycemic control were comparable in both groups. Conclusion: There was significant improvement in quality of life and cardiac autonomic functions in the diabetes patients practicing comprehensive yogic breathing program compared to those following standard treatment alone.



How to cite this article:
Jyotsna V P, Ambekar S, Singla R, Joshi A, Dhawan A, Kumar N, Gupta N, Sreenivas V, Deepak K K. Prospective randomized controlled intervention trial: Comprehensive Yogic Breathing Improves Cardiac autonomic functions and Quality of life in Diabetes.Indian J Endocr Metab 2012;16:489-491


How to cite this URL:
Jyotsna V P, Ambekar S, Singla R, Joshi A, Dhawan A, Kumar N, Gupta N, Sreenivas V, Deepak K K. Prospective randomized controlled intervention trial: Comprehensive Yogic Breathing Improves Cardiac autonomic functions and Quality of life in Diabetes. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Dec 6 ];16:489-491
Available from: http://www.ijem.in/text.asp?2012/16/8/489/104141


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