Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 653--658

Community based diabetes risk assessment in Ogun state, Nigeria (World Diabetes Foundation project 08-321)


Olutayo C Alebiosu1, Oluranti B Familoni2, Olawale O Ogunsemi2, TH Raimi3, Williams O Balogun4, O Odusan2, Segun A Oguntona2, Taiwo Olunuga5, Babatope A Kolawole6, Rosemary T Ikem6, Jokotade O Adeleye4, Olubiyi F Adesina5, Peter A Adewuyi7 
1 Department of Medicine, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
4 Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
5 Federal Medical Centre, Idi Aba, Abeokuta, Nigeria
6 Department of Medicine, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
7 Department of Health Services, University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Olutayo C Alebiosu
Department of Medicine, Osun State, University, Osogbo, Osun
Nigeria

Objective: The study assessed the risk of developing type 2 diabetes Mellitus in Ogun State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Finnish Medical Association diabetes risk score was administered across 25 communities facilitated by non-communicable disease clinics established under a World Diabetes Foundation project. Subjects in the high risk group had blood glucose estimated. Results: 58,567 respondents included 34,990 (59.6%) females and 23,667 (40.3%) males. Majority (61.2%) were between 25 years and 54 years. Considering waist circumference, 34,990 (38.1%) females and 23,667 (5.3%) males had values above 88 cm and 102 cm respectively. Overall, 11,266 (19.2%) were obese and 28.9% overweight using body mass index (BMI). More females had elevated BMI than males. Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of all subjects were 129.54 mm Hg ± 23.5 mm Hg and 76.21 mm Hg ± 15.5 mm Hg respectively. Prevalence of hypertension (Joint National Committee VII classification) was 27.7%. More subjects had normal DBP than SBP (68.2% vs. 42.5% P < 0.05). Mean fasting blood glucose (FBG) of all subjects was 5.5 mmol/L ± 0.67 mmol/L. Using a casual blood glucose >11.1 mmol/L and/or FBG >7 mmol/L, the total yield of subjects adjudged as having diabetes was 2,956 (5.05%). Mean total risk score was 5.60 ± 3.90; this was significantly higher in females (6.34 ± 4.16 vs. 4.24 ± 3.71, P < 0.05). A total of 2,956 (5.05%) had high risk of developing DM within 10 years. Conclusion: The risk of developing DM is high in the community studied with females having a higher risk score. There is urgent need to implement diabetes prevention strategies.


How to cite this article:
Alebiosu OC, Familoni OB, Ogunsemi OO, Raimi T H, Balogun WO, Odusan O, Oguntona SA, Olunuga T, Kolawole BA, Ikem RT, Adeleye JO, Adesina OF, Adewuyi PA. Community based diabetes risk assessment in Ogun state, Nigeria (World Diabetes Foundation project 08-321).Indian J Endocr Metab 2013;17:653-658


How to cite this URL:
Alebiosu OC, Familoni OB, Ogunsemi OO, Raimi T H, Balogun WO, Odusan O, Oguntona SA, Olunuga T, Kolawole BA, Ikem RT, Adeleye JO, Adesina OF, Adewuyi PA. Community based diabetes risk assessment in Ogun state, Nigeria (World Diabetes Foundation project 08-321). Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 11 ];17:653-658
Available from: http://www.ijem.in/article.asp?issn=2230-8210;year=2013;volume=17;issue=4;spage=653;epage=658;aulast=Alebiosu;type=0