Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 252--255

Depression among patients with diabetes mellitus in North India evaluated using patient health questionnaire-9


Amit Thour1, Subhash Das2, Tejasav Sehrawat1, Yashdeep Gupta1 
1 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Yashdeep Gupta
Department of Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh - 160 030
India

Background: Depression is common among diabetes, and is associated with poor outcomes. However, the data on this important relationship are limited from India. Objective: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of depression in patients with diabetes and to determine the association of depression with age, sex, and other related parameters. Materials and Methods: The study was cross-sectional carried out in endocrinology clinic of tertiary care hospital in North India. Cases were patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) above 30 years of age. Depression was assessed using the patient health questionairre-9 (PHQ-9). The relationship with sociodemographic profile, duration of diabetes, hypertension and microvascular complications was also analyzed. Results: Seventy-three subjects (57.5% females) with mean age 50.8 ± 9.2 years were evaluated. The prevalence of depression was 41%. Severe depression (PHQ score ≥15) was present in 3 (4%) subjects, moderate depression (PHQ score ≥10) in 7 (10%) subjects, and mild depression was present in 20 (27%) of subjects. Depression was significantly more prevalent in rural subjects (57%) when compared to urban ones (31%, P = 0.049). Depression increased with presence of microvascular complications, fasting plasma glucose, hypertension, but the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates higher prevalence of depression in patients with type 2 diabetes. Apart from being belonging to the rural area, no other factor was significantly associated with depression. Therefore, depression should be assessed in each and every patient, irrespective of other factors.


How to cite this article:
Thour A, Das S, Sehrawat T, Gupta Y. Depression among patients with diabetes mellitus in North India evaluated using patient health questionnaire-9.Indian J Endocr Metab 2015;19:252-255


How to cite this URL:
Thour A, Das S, Sehrawat T, Gupta Y. Depression among patients with diabetes mellitus in North India evaluated using patient health questionnaire-9. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Jul 7 ];19:252-255
Available from: http://www.ijem.in/article.asp?issn=2230-8210;year=2015;volume=19;issue=2;spage=252;epage=255;aulast=Thour;type=0