Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 26--32

Perceptions and practices related to diabetes reported by persons with diabetes attending diabetic care clinics: The India 11-city 9-state study


Murthy V. S. Gudlavalleti, Raghupathy Anchala, Aashrai Sai Venkat Gudlavalleti, Srikrishna S Ramachandra, Rajan Shukla, AT Jotheeswaran, R Giridhara Babu, Vivek Singh, Komal Allagh, Jayanti Sagar, Souvik Bandyopadhyay, Clare E Gilbert 
 South Asia Centre for Disability Inclusive Development Research, Indian Institute of Public Health, Public Health Foundation of India, ANV Arcade, 1 Amar Cooperative Society, Kavuri Hills, Madhapur, Hyderabad, Telangana, India; International Centre for Eye Health, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Correspondence Address:
Murthy V. S. Gudlavalleti
Indian Institute of Public Health, Public Health Foundation of India, ANV Arcade, 1 Amar Cooperative Society, Kavuri Hills, Madhapur, Hyderabad - 500 033, Telangana, India

Background: India has the second largest population of persons with diabetes and a significant proportion has poor glycemic control and inadequate awareness of management of diabetes. Objectives: Determine the level of awareness regarding management of diabetes and its complications and diabetic care practices in India. Methods: The cross-sectional, hospital-based survey was conducted in 11 cities where public and private providers of diabetic care were identified. At each diabetic care facility, 4–6 persons with diabetes were administered a structured questionnaire in the local language. Results: Two hundred and eighty-five persons with diabetes were interviewed. The mean duration since diagnosis of diabetes was 8.1 years (standard deviation ± 7.3). Half of the participants reported a family history of diabetes and 41.7% were hypertensive. Almost 62.1% stated that they received information on diabetes and its management through interpersonal channels. Family history (36.1%), increasing age (25.3%), and stress (22.8%) were the commonest causes of diabetes reported. Only 29.1% stated that they monitored their blood sugar levels at home using a glucometer. The commonest challenges reported in managing diabetes were dietary modifications (67.4%), compliance with medicines (20.5%), and cost of medicines (17.9%). Around 76.5% were aware of complications of diabetes. Kidney failure (79.8%), blindness/vision loss (79.3%), and heart attack (56.4%) were the commonest complications mentioned. Almost 67.7% of the respondents stated that they had had an eye examination earlier. Conclusions: The findings have significant implications for the organization of diabetes services in India for early detection and management of complications, including eye complications.


How to cite this article:
Gudlavalleti MV, Anchala R, Gudlavalleti AS, Ramachandra SS, Shukla R, Jotheeswaran A T, Babu R G, Singh V, Allagh K, Sagar J, Bandyopadhyay S, Gilbert CE. Perceptions and practices related to diabetes reported by persons with diabetes attending diabetic care clinics: The India 11-city 9-state study.Indian J Endocr Metab 2016;20:26-32


How to cite this URL:
Gudlavalleti MV, Anchala R, Gudlavalleti AS, Ramachandra SS, Shukla R, Jotheeswaran A T, Babu R G, Singh V, Allagh K, Sagar J, Bandyopadhyay S, Gilbert CE. Perceptions and practices related to diabetes reported by persons with diabetes attending diabetic care clinics: The India 11-city 9-state study. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Dec 10 ];20:26-32
Available from: http://www.ijem.in/article.asp?issn=2230-8210;year=2016;volume=20;issue=7;spage=26;epage=32;aulast=Gudlavalleti;type=0