Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 934--935

Gestational diabetes mellitus training: A well-grounded approach for safeguarding two generations


Ranjit Unnikrishnan1, Suganthi Jaganathan2, Pallavi Wadhwani2, Sandeep Bhalla2, Pushkar Kumar2, Sourabh Sinha2, Neerja Bhatla3, Padmalatha Venkatram4, Kusagradhi Ghosh5, Ambrish Mittal6, Dorairaj Prabhakaran2, Nikhil Tandon7, Viswanathan Mohan1, Uma Ram8,  
1 Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre, Seethapathy Clinic and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Training Division, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rangadore Memorial Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Fetal Care Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
6 Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
7 Department ofEndocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
8 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seethapathy Clinic and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandeep Bhalla
Public Health Foundation of India, Plot No. 47, Sector 44, Gurgaon, Haryana
India




How to cite this article:
Unnikrishnan R, Jaganathan S, Wadhwani P, Bhalla S, Kumar P, Sinha S, Bhatla N, Venkatram P, Ghosh K, Mittal A, Prabhakaran D, Tandon N, Mohan V, Ram U. Gestational diabetes mellitus training: A well-grounded approach for safeguarding two generations.Indian J Endocr Metab 2017;21:934-935


How to cite this URL:
Unnikrishnan R, Jaganathan S, Wadhwani P, Bhalla S, Kumar P, Sinha S, Bhatla N, Venkatram P, Ghosh K, Mittal A, Prabhakaran D, Tandon N, Mohan V, Ram U. Gestational diabetes mellitus training: A well-grounded approach for safeguarding two generations. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Apr 5 ];21:934-935
Available from: http://www.ijem.in/text.asp?2017/21/6/934/219324


Full Text

Sir,

Certificate course gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), training program in gestational diabetes.

Diabetes is one of the major medical disorders complicating pregnancy, and it is associated with several risks to unborn child, which can be prevented by early detection and appropriate treatment of maternal hyperglycemia.[1] International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated that 20.9 million women suffered from some form of hyperglycemia during pregnancy.[1] In India, it has been estimated that nearly 4 million women had GDM in 2015.[2] Providing screening and care to mothers at risk is therefore likely to have multigenerational impact.

Unfortunately, missed and delayed diagnosis of GDM is common, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) like India. The frequently cited reasons are lack of awareness among patients and health-care providers, paucity of facilities, and shortage of medical staff.[3] The multiplicity of screening and diagnostic guidelines also adds to the confusion. In a study conducted all over India, it was found that fewer than 50% of health-care professionals correctly followed any of the accepted screening and diagnostic criteria for GDM.[3] Improving awareness of GDM and its management among health-care professionals is, therefore, imperative to reduce morbidity.

In 2013, the Public Health Foundation of India, Delhi, in partnership with Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Education Academy, Chennai, launched a National Capacity Building Programme, titled certifi cate course in GDM (CCGDM), targeting Primary Care Providers (PCPs) across the country along with key stakeholders (as found in [Table 1] and [Table 2]).{Table 1}{Table 2}

The main objective being enhancement of knowledge, skills, and core competencies of all doctors who are involved in the diagnosis and management of GDM and build a network to update these doctors with the latest advancements in the field. This contact training program is conducted once in a month for 4 consecutive months on a weekend (As found in [Figure 1]).{Figure 1}

CCGDM Course has been recognized by the IDF for a duration of 2 years (2015–2016), and South Asian Federation of Endocrine Societies for a duration of 6 years (2014–2019). Huge participation by postgraduate physicians (52%) is a testament to the necessity and requirement of such capacity building initiatives. Training is delivered to small groups (trainer-to-participant ratio 2:15 approx.) through didactic lectures. Finally, an organic referral linkage is established, creating a potential network for implementation research.

Approximately 3500 PCPs have been trained. This program had been adopted by various state governments (Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Meghalaya) under National Health Mission. Mean clinical experience of the doctors was 10 years. Government sector doctors represented 39% of the participants. Knowledge improvement score of doctors was 1.6 unit increase in pre- and post-test conducted before and after the sessions. Pass percentages have consistently been more than 90% during the past 4 cycles. Participants reported a substantial increase in knowledge at end line evaluation and increased confidence in the management of diabetes, and they gained confidence about selection, planning, and customized administration of insulin regimens and other drugs to their patients as per requirements.

We believe that CCGDM model is a robust approach for emulation across LMICs as it could help build the capacity of PCPs in GDM management and could also be a model for several other chronic diseases.

Financial support and sponsorship

The certificate course in gestational diabetes mellitus program was majorly funded by an educational grant from Johnson and Johnson Medical Companies along with Johnson and Johnson Diabetes Institute and partly course fees of the participants.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Fetita LS, Sobngwi E, Serradas P, Calvo F, Gautier JF. Consequences of fetal exposure to maternal diabetes in offspring. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91:3718-24.
2International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes. 7th ed. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation; 2015. Available from: http://www.diabetesatlas.org. [Last accessed on 2017 May 20].
3Mahalakshmi MM, Bhavadharini B, Maheswari K, Anjana RM, Jebarani S, Ninov L, et al. Current practices in the diagnosis and management of gestational diabetes mellitus in India (WINGS-5). Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2016;20:364-8.