Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 289--292

Rural childhood obesity – An emerging health concern


Sarala Premkumar1, Padmasani Venkat Ramanan3, J Dhivya lakshmi2 
1 Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Padmasani Venkat Ramanan
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai
India

Background: Childhood obesity is growing globally as an epidemic. It is the most common metabolic disease identified in children. Objective: To assess the nutritional status of school going children in Poonamallee, Tamil Nadu and to compare the nutritional status between urban and rural school children. Methods: A retrospective review of the school health records over a period of 9 months was done with Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) approval for a total of 1,803 children aged 5 to 18 years (916- rural, 887-urban). Revised IAP growth charts (2015) were used to classify their nutrition status. Results: The overall prevalence of overweight/obesity and thinness/severe thinness in our study was 20% and 9.4%, respectively. In the rural schools, the prevalence of overweight/obesity and thinness was 16.2% and 12.2%, respectively, whereas in the urban schools, it was 24% and 6.4%, respectively. The rural school children had lower mean Z scores of weight for age, height for age, and BMI for age compared to urban children (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Among rural school children overweight/obesity is more prevalent than undernutrition. There is an urgent need for nutrition education for the school children and community.


How to cite this article:
Premkumar S, Ramanan PV, lakshmi J D. Rural childhood obesity – An emerging health concern.Indian J Endocr Metab 2019;23:289-292


How to cite this URL:
Premkumar S, Ramanan PV, lakshmi J D. Rural childhood obesity – An emerging health concern. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Oct 21 ];23:289-292
Available from: http://www.ijem.in/article.asp?issn=2230-8210;year=2019;volume=23;issue=3;spage=289;epage=292;aulast=Premkumar;type=0