Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The objective of our study is to evaluate the demographic profile of childhood obesity. This is an on going cross sectional evaluation of childhood obesity cases. Thorough clinical evaluation followed by screening TSH, fasting blood sugar were done. A total of 33 out of 85 children screened have been included so far. Mean age was 11.15+2.50 years. Mean birth weight was 2.98+0.44 kg. Birth Weight more than 3.5kg was seen in 11/33 (34%). The mean BMI was 27. 54+4.61 kg/m2 and 13/33 (40%) had BMI> 28 kg/m2. acanthosis nigricans was seen in 23/33 (70%) and 21/33(64%) had a history of diabetes and/or obesity in parents. Only 2/33 (6%) had hypothyroidsm. Sedentary activities were preferred over physical play by 25/33 (75%). Thus were conclude that high birth weight and sedentary lifestyle are the major contributors of childhood obesity. Changing lifestyles has contributed to increased incidence of obesity. Prevention of obesity in children will go a long way to prevent metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adolescent and young adults.