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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-7

Health education intervention on diabetes in Sikkim

Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim-Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim-Mampal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, 5th Mile Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim. 737 102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 21448407

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Introduction: In the present study, we have sought to determine the existing Knowledge, attitude & practice and impact of a structured health education intervention regarding diabetes in adults in Sikkim. Materials and Methods: This was an experimental study of non-randomised trial done at the Central Referral Hospital of SMIMS, Sikkim, India on 189 adult individuals attending the 'Diabetes Awareness Camp'. A pre-tested closed ended questionnaire was used to assess the impact of health education intervention. The data was analysed by a computer programme, the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Paired t-test was applied. Results: A questionnaire specifically designed to find knowledge and attitude related to diabetes total of administered on 189 adults revealed that mean age of participants was 45.7 years (+14.8 yrs), majority were males (63.5%), 23.3% had positive family history, 55.6% were previously diagnosed. Knowledge of diabetes was suboptimal in pre-test. Significantly improved knowledge was after intervention regarding: (a) Risk factors, (b) Early symptoms, (c) Organs affected, (d) Warning signs of Hypoglycaemia, (e) Personal Precautions. Significantly improved positive attitude was among: (a) motivate all family members to get their blood sugar tested yearly after 40 yrs of age, (b) undergo regular check-up, continue medication and motivate family members. Majority of previously diagnosed diabetics (78.6%) were on regular medication. 82.8% were on insulin, 18.4% taking it themselves. 7.8% were carrying identification card with treatment regimen and 35.9% carrying sugar/chocolate. Conclusions: This study highlighted the need for better health information to the patient through large scale awareness interventions regarding diabetes.

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