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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-42

Demographic, breast-feeding, and nutritional trends among children with type 1 diabetes mellitus

1 Department of Endocrinology, Excel center, Ulubari, Guwahati, Assam-781 007, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110 011, India

Correspondence Address:
Manash P Baruah
Consultant Endocrinologist Excel Center, Maya Ville, Barthakur Mill Road, Ulubari, Guwahati - 781 007
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.77583

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Background: The pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) requires a genetic predisposition to particular environmental triggers that may activate mechanisms leading to progressive loss of pancreatic beta cells. Aims: We tried to compare the impact of some demographic and environmental factors and breast-feeding on children (aged < 18 years) with recent onset diabetes mellitus (≤1 year) with that on age, sex, and socioeconomic status-matched controls. Material and Methods: A total of 43 consecutive patients (male, 24, mean age ± SD = 12.58 ± 9.6 years) and equal number of controls without diabetes mellitus or dysglycemia were included in this hospital-based case-control study. Results and Conclusions: A distinct peak in the incidence noted in the early adolescence with segregation in the winter months. Our patients did not differ significantly from the controls with regard to birth order, mode of delivery, parental age, parental education, dietary practices, breast-feeding, and migration in the family. Growth characteristics and nutritional status were also similar. A population study with more power will be better equipped to answer such queries.

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