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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-95

Endocrine effects of Fukushima: Radiation-induced endocrinopathy


1 Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Islamic International Medical and Dental College, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Asfandyar Khan Niazi
Shifa College of Medicine, Pitras Bukhari Road, H-8/4, Islamabad
Pakistan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.81936

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The unfortunate accidents of Chernobyl and Fukushima have led to an enormous amount of radioactive material being released into the atmosphere. Radiation exposure to the human body may be as a result of accidents, such as those in Chernobyl and Fukushima, or due to occupational hazards, such as in the employees of nuclear plants, or due to therapeutic or diagnostic procedures. These different sources of radiations may affect the human body as a whole or may cause localized damage to a certain area of the body, depending upon the extent and dosage of the irradiation. More or less every organ is affected by radiation exposure. Some require a higher dose to be affected while others may be affected at a lower dose. All the endocrine glands are susceptible to damage by radiation exposure; however, pituitary, thyroid and gonads are most likely to be affected. In addition to the endocrine effects, the rates of birth defects and carcinomas may also be increased in the population exposed to excessive radiation.


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