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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 33-39

Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of bromocriptine QR in type 2 diabetes

1 Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Miraj, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, R.C.S.M. Government Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
3 Director, Patwardhan Endocrinology Hospital and Research Centre, Miraj, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Karuna Balwant Ramteke
Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Miraj, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.83062

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Context: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder of endocrinal origin with multiorgan involement. Today's physician has a lot many options to choose for treating type 2 diabetes, but does not always manages to achieve optimal glycemic control. The newer drug bromocriptine acts by novel hypothalamic circadian rhythm resetting mechanism. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bromocriptine QR in type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: 105 patients according to inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomized into three groups by simple randomization. Group 1 received bromocriprine 2.4 mg once daily, group 2 received metformin 500 mg twice daily while group 3 received bromocriprine 1.6 mg daily and metformin 500 mg twice daily. Baseline measurement of fasting and postprandial blood sugar, HbA1 C and BMI were followed up at 6 th and 12 th weeks. Safety evaluation was done by questioning the patient and also through routine hematological and biochemical parameters. Z test was used for analysis. Results: Group 1 showed significant reduction in fasting and postprandial sugar and HbA 1c at 12 weeks. While groups 2 and 3 showed even higher reduction in these parameters albeit with slightly more adverse drug events like nausea, vomiting compared to group 1. Conclusion: Bromocriptine QR is an effective and safe antidiabetic drug which can be employed as monotherapy or in conjuction with metformin to achieve and maintain optimal glycemic control.

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