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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 5-11

Noninsulin pharmacological management of type 1 diabetes mellitus

Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, USA

Correspondence Address:
Vishvas Garg
402 Cornell Dr. SE, Apt # 2, Albuquerque, NM 87106
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.83053

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The injectable nature and other shortcomings of insulin have stimulated interest in studying the noninsulin pharmacological therapies to manage type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic literature review of noninsulin pharmacological therapies for the management of T1DM. For this, the following PubMed search was conducted: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy"[Mesh] Limits: Review Sort by: Publication Date. After applying various inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 63 studies were reviewed. Based on this review, noninsulin pharmacological therapies can be divided into following classes: (1) Insulin-sensitizing agents (biguanides and thiazolidinediones), (2) gastrointestinal nutrient absorption modulators (α-Glucosidase inhibitors and amylin), (3) immunotherapeutic agents, (4) incretin-based therapies, (5) recombinant human insulin-like growth factors, and (6) other promising therapeutics. Some of these are already used either as monotherapy or adjuvant to insulin, whereas, to manage T1DM, the benefits and risks of the others are still under evaluation. Nonetheless, insulin still remains the cornerstone to manage the T1DM.

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