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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 124-133

Diet and exercise intervention, with special reference to micronutrients, reduces cardiometabolic risk in overweight children

1 Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Sassoon Road, Pune, India
2 Department of Biometry and Nutrition, Agharkar Research Institute, Agharakar Road, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Anuradha V Khadilkar
Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, 32, Sassoon Road, Pune - 411 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.91207

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Objective: To study the effect of lifestyle intervention in the presence of multivitamin-zinc supplementation in improving the cardiometabolic status of overweight children. Materials and Methods: Data were evaluated in 74 overweight children (11.3 ± 2.9 years) randomly assigned to three groups of intervention for 4 months as follows: group A: diet-exercise counseling with multivitamin-zinc supplementation; group B: diet-exercise counseling; and group C: placebo. Anthropometric, biochemical, carotid arterial and lifestyle parameters were assessed. Results: Lifestyle counseling resulted in significant reduction in inactivity, energy and fat intakes and increase in micronutrient density of diets and physical activity in groups A and B in comparison to group C. Percent decline in body fat was more in group A than in groups B and C. Percent change in triglycerides (−13.7%) was significantly higher in group A than in groups B (−5.9%) and C (5.7%). Pulse wave velocity and elasticity modulus reduced and arterial compliance improved significantly in group A than in group B. Conclusion: Multivitamin-zinc supplementation with lifestyle intervention has a positive effect of on the cardiometabolic status of overweight children.

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