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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 453-456

Short stature with umbilical hernia - Not always due to cretinism: A report of two cases

Department of Endocrinology, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Sharvil S Gadve
Department of Endocrinology, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.95712

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A 7-year-old boy presented with umbilical hernia and short stature. Growth retardation, recurrent upper respiratory tract infections and delayed developmental milestones were present from infancy. Umbilical hernia was diagnosed at the age of 5 years. On examination, he had short-trunk dwarfism, large head circumference, coarse facial features, joint stiffness, hepatosplenomegaly, and mild mental retardation. He had normal biochemical parameters, thyroid function tests and arterial blood gas analysis. Radiological evaluation showed that the child had Hunter syndrome with findings of J-shaped sellaturcica, proximal bulleting of metacarpals, spatulated ribs and anterior beaking of lumbar vertebrae. The second case was a 6-year-old girl with umbilical hernia, short stature, normal biochemistry and radiological findings of mucopolysaccharidosis. However, she also had corneal opacity; confirmed by slit-lamp examination, which led to the diagnosis of Hurler-Scheie syndrome. Enzymatic studies could not be done in both the cases, as they are not available at most centers.

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