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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 569-574

Prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus among patients of hypothyroidism in a tertiary care center

1 Department of Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, Medical College, Kolkata, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, IPGME and R, 244 AJC Bose Road, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Kaushik Pandit
Department of Endocrinology, IPGME and R, 244 AJC Bose Road, Kolkata 700 020
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.98013

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Context: Hypothyroidism is a common public health problem in India. With iodine sufficiency, autoimmune thyroiditis is becoming the most important etiology of hypothyroidism. Often, thyroiditis is associated with other systemic autoimmune diseases. Aims: We undertook thisobservational study to find the prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) amongst the hypothyroid patients at our Institution. Settings and Design: This is probably the first study of its kind from India. Materials and Methods: 185 patients with diagnosed hypothyroidism were included and screening for SLE was done by standard epidemiological criteria. Majority of the patients (63.8%) were young adults (20-40 years). Statistical Analysis Used: Two by two contingency tables were analyzed by Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test as needed. Logistic regression model was used considering the presence of SLE as a dependent variable. Results: Eleven (5.94%) patients were found to have SLE. However, anti nuclear factor was positive in 145 cases (78.4%). Of the patients with SLE, 8 (72.7%) were found to be anti TPO positive, but the titers of ANF and anti TPO did not correlate. Presence of discoid rash, haematological criteria and presence of antibodies like anti-dsDNA were significantly correlated with the presence of SLE in hypothyroid patients. Presence of ANF was also correlated with the grade of goiter (r=0.62; P<0.05). Also four patients with SLE had a positive family history (OR=9.37). Logistic regression model showed anti-TPO has OR=1.54 (P=0.02) for the development of SLE. Conclusions: Prevalence of SLE in hypothyroid patients is high compared to the general population, especially, as thyroiditis is very common in SLE.

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