Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current issue | Archives | Submit article | Instructions | Subscribe | Contacts | Advertise | Login 
 
Search Article 
  
Advanced search 
  Users Online: 1326 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 791-795

Linear growth in relation to the circulating concentration of insulin-like growth factor-I in young children with acyanotic congenital heart disease with left to right shunts before versus after surgical intervention


1 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
2 Department of Cardiology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Ashraf T Soliman
Department of Pediatrics, Hamad General Hospital, Doha
Qatar
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.100678

Rights and Permissions

Objectives: The aim was to determine the degree of linear growth retardation of patients with congenital acyanotic heart disease at presentation and the magnitude of catch-up growth, if any, in relation to their echocardiographic changes and insulin-like growth factor- I (IGF-I) concentration before versus after surgical intervention. Materials and Methods: This prospective study recorded the anthropometric data and measured the circulating IGF-I, free thyroxin (FT4), and thyrotropin (TSH) of 27 infants and children with congenital acyanotic heart disease with left to right shunt (10 with VSD, 8 with ASD, 9 PDA) without heart failure, or severe pulmonary hypertension, before and 12 months or more after surgical or catheter intervention. Eighty normal age and sex- matched normal siblings of these patients were included as controls for the auxologic data. Results: At presentation, patients' mean age = 35.6 ± 26 months, height SDS (HtSDS) = -1.6 ± 1.1, and body mass index (BMI) = 15.1 ± 2.5. They were significantly shorter and with lower BMI compared to normal controls (HtSDS = 0.25 ± 0.3, BMI = 16.4 ± 1.5). One year or more after catheter or surgical treatment, the HtSDS and BMI increased significantly in patients to -0.55 ± 0.9 and 15.9 ± 1.5, respectively). IGF-I levels increased from 46.8 ± 29 mcg/L before to 77.3 ± 47.6 mcg/L after intervention. No significant change has been detected in circulating FT4 or TSH concentrations. The HtSDS after treatment was correlated with the IGF-I concentration (r = 0.804, P < 0.001). The change in the HtSDS after intervention was correlated significantly with BMI (r = 0.594, P 0.001) and negatively with age (r = -0.52, P< 0.01). The shunt size was correlated negatively with BMI and HtSDS before intervention (r = -0.35, P < 0.01 and 0.01 and r = -0.461, P < 0.05, respectively). GVSDS after intervention surgery was correlated with BMI after intervention (r = 0.495, P < 0.001) and negatively with the age at operation (r = -0.683, P < 0.001). Conclusions: In congenital acyanotic heart diseases, early surgical interference and weight gain have beneficial effect on postoperative growth spurt. This catch-up growth appears to be mediated through activation of the GH/IGF-I system and suggests an important role of increasing BMI (an indicator of nutrition) as an imperative factor.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1458    
    Printed41    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded368    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal