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MINI REVIEW
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 267-271

Antioxidants and diabetes


Department of Endocrinology, Medicine, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Sarita Bajaj
3/6 Panna Lal Road, Allahabad, UP-211 002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.104057

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Hyperglycemia promotes auto-oxidation of glucose to form free radicals. The generation of free radicals beyond the scavenging abilities of endogenous antioxidant defenses results in macro- and microvascular dysfunction. Antioxidants such as N-acetylcysteine, vitamin C and α-lipoic acid are effective in reducing diabetic complications, indicating that it may be beneficial either by ingestion of natural antioxidants or through dietary supplementation. However, while antioxidants are proving essential tools in the investigation of oxidant stress-related diabetic pathologies and despite the obvious potential merit of a replacement style therapy, the safety and efficacy of antioxidant supplementation in any future treatment, remains to be established


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