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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 402-412

Implications of serum paraoxonase activity in obesity, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia


1 Department of Endocrinology, Medwin Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, MKCG Medical College, Berhampur, Orissa, India
3 Department of Anesthesia, Central Security Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Pharmaceutics, Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Berhampur, Orissa, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil K Kota
Department of Endocrinology, Medwin Hospitals, Chiragh Ali Lane, Nampally, Hyderabad - 500001, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.111618

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Human serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an enzyme with esterase activity, and is physically bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL). It plays a key role in the action of HDL toward protection of lipoprotein and biological membrane against oxidative damage. It may have a protective role against atherosclerosis by virtue of its action on hydrolyzing lipid peroxides and preventing accumulation of phospholipids in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL). PON1 is hypothesized to be an indicator of the risk of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease development. Numerous studies have implicated PON1 activity in relation to various endocrine disorders. The current article reviews the clinical perspectives of PON1 activity with regards to obesity, diabetes mellitus with its complications, and dyslipidemia.


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