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Table of Contents
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 434-435

Is metabolic syndrome prevailing in Iraqi children?

Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq

Date of Web Publication3-May-2014

Correspondence Address:
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
P.O. Box 55302, Baghdad Post Office, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.131230

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How to cite this article:
Al-Mendalawi MD. Is metabolic syndrome prevailing in Iraqi children?. Indian J Endocr Metab 2014;18:434-5

How to cite this URL:
Al-Mendalawi MD. Is metabolic syndrome prevailing in Iraqi children?. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Nov 23];18:434-5. Available from: https://www.ijem.in/text.asp?2014/18/3/434/131230


Pediatric metabolic syndrome (MS) includes a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia (including increased triglycerides and decreased high density lipoprotein-cholesterol), hypertension, and obesity in children. The median prevalence of MS is estimated to be 3.3% (range 0-19.2%) in whole pediatric populations, 11.9% (range 2.8-29.3%) in overweight children, and 29.2% (range 10-66%) in obese children. [1] The prevalence is rising worldwide. This is partly due to a significant increase in the prevalence of obesity. [2] The exact prevalence of MS in Iraqi children is yet unknown as no studies have been conducted on that issue. However, the following evidences could point out to its substantial existence: (1) Hypertension and obesity were reported in 1.7% and 7.3% of Iraqi children respectively. [3] (2) Though no studies are yet present considering the exact prevalence of pediatric diabetes mellitus in Iraq, the available data generally showed 12.2% prevalence in general Iraqi population. [4] (3) Alteration in lipid profile in Iraqi diabetic children was assessed and revealed that the mean total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C), and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio were significantly higher in diabetic children compared to control group. [5] Various obstacles do present that hamper studying MS in Iraqi children. These include the following: (1) Absence of Iraqi age and gender-specific cut-off values for growth parameters essential to diagnose obesity. (2) Absence of Iraqi age and gender-specific laboratory standards considering lipid profile and blood sugar necessary to diagnose dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus respectively. (3) The significant budget needed to cover the financial context. (4) Poor knowledge and limited awareness of pediatricians and public on MS and its grave consequences. Therefore, alleviation of these obstacles is critical to successfully conduct studies on MS with the objective of halting accelerated atherogenesis as Iraqi children move into adulthood.

   References Top

1.Friend A, Craig L, Turner S. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children: A systematic review of the literature. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2013;11:71-80.  Back to cited text no. 1
2.Gupta N, Shah P, Nayyar S, Misra A. Childhood obesity and the metabolic syndrome in developing countries. Indian J Pediatr 2013;80(Suppl 1):S28-37.  Back to cited text no. 2
3.Subhi MD. Blood pressure profiles and hypertension in Iraqi primary school children. Saudi Med J 2006;27:482-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Khatib OM. Guidelines for the Prevention, Management and Care of Diabetes Mellitus. EMRO Technical Publications Series 32. World Health Organization; 2006. Available from: http://www.whqlibdoc.who.int/emro/2006/9789290214045_eng.pdf. [Last accessed on 2013 Aug 30].  Back to cited text no. 4
5.al-Naama LM, Kadhim M, al-Aboud MS. Lipid profile in children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. J Pak Med Assoc 2002;52:29-34.  Back to cited text no. 5


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