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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 726-730

Pattern of 25 hydroxy vitamin D status in North Indian people with newly detected type 2 diabetes: A prospective case control study


1 Department of Endocrinology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Immunology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Bashir Ahmad Laway
Department of Endocrinology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar - 190 011, Jammu and Kashmir
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.139242

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Background: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been linked to impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in humans. The aim of the present study was to find the vitamin D status in newly detected T2D patients compared with healthy controls. Materials and Methods: One hundred and two, newly detected T2D patients and similar number of age, body mass index (BMI), and gender matched healthy controls without diabetes were studied. In addition to basic information, metabolic parameters and serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D (25HD) were measured in both the groups. Results: Overall 25HD, was lower (mean ± SD, 18.81 ± 15.18 ng/ml) in patients with T2D as compared to healthy controls (28.46 ± 18.89 ng/ml) (P = 0.00). Taking a cut of 30 ng/ml, 81% of T2D patients had either VDD or insufficiency compared to 67% of healthy control subjects. Severe VDD (25HD of < 5 ng/ml) was seen in 16.2% of patients with diabetes and 2.5% of control subjects. Levels of 25HD had a negative correlation with HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose. Conclusions: VDD is common in people with new onset T2D.


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