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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 405-410

Categories of foot at risk in patients of diabetes at a tertiary care center: Insights into need for foot care

1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Viveka P Jyotsna
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.152789

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Objective: Diabetic foot ulcers and amputations are preventable. Aim of this study was to determine the distribution of categories of foot at risk in patients with diabetes, attending a tertiary care hospital and factors that affect it. Materials and Methods: Detail history and examination including neurological and vascular assessment were performed in 100 patients with diabetes attending a Tertiary Care Hospital. Foot at risk was classified according to the task force of foot care interest Group of American Diabetes Association. Category of foot at risk was correlated with demographic and clinical features. Results: Fifty-two percent patients had foot at risk-category 1 and 2. Loss of protective sensation (LOPS) was present in 33% (category 1). Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was present in 19% (category 2). Both LOPS and PAD were present in 10% patients. 95% had never received foot care advice by health professionals, let alone prescriptive footwear or vascular consultation. Conclusions: This study brings forth that foot at risk of ulcer is rampant in patients with diabetes. There are lacunae in diabetic foot care at all levels of care. With the increase in diabetes, cost effective steps are required to improve foot care among diabetes in India. Considering the demographic profile of patients in our study, growing number of patients with diabetes, lack of time and staff allocated for foot care in our setup, audiovisual aids seems a good option to spread foot care awareness among diabetes.

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