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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 673-675

Clinical profile of diabetic ketoacidosis in tertiary care hospital of Eastern Nepal


1 Department of Internal Medicine, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
2 Department of Psychiarty, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
3 Department of Internal Medicine, UCMS, Bhairawaha, Nepal
4 Department of Ophthalmology, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Robin Maskey
BPKIHS, Dharan
Nepal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.163208

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Introduction: Diabetes ketoacidoisis (DKA) is characterized by hyperketonaemia, metabolic acidosis, and hyperglycemia. Aims: The aim of this study was to describe the demographic profile, clinical characterstics of patients admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis in BPKIHS, medical ward. Settings and Design: The hospital based descriptive study. Materials and Methods: We took all the patients admitted with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) as defined ADA 2006 consensus statement in medical ward from January 2010 to December 2010. The statistical operations was done through Manufactured by IBM Corp. Results: Only sixteen patients (7 type 1 and 9 type 2DM) were with DKA. When compared to the 16 subjects with type 1 DM ,the type 2 were older (56.8 s 25.7 years) and had a significantly higher PH levels (7.11 s 7.28 P = 0.04). The mean body mass index was 20.5±2.44 in both Type 1 and type 2 DM. Four were on diet control and Insulin respectively. Five were on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) and three on both (insulin and OHA). Infection was most common precipitating factor (56.25%) followed by poor drug compliance (37.5%) and first presentation (6.25%). Conclusions: We found majority of patients were type 2 DM. Metabolic acidosis has significant association in both type of diabetic. We found infection was the most common precipitating factor for DKA.


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