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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 781-783

Management of primary adrenal insufficiency: Review of current clinical practice in a developed and a developing country

1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Medicine, Queen's Hospital, Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UnitedKingdom
2 Department of Endocrinology, Zydus Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Om J Lakhani
Department of Endocrinology, Zydus Hospital, SG Road, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_193_17

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Treatment of primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) requires lifelong hormone replacement with glucocorticoids (GCs) and mineralocorticoids. Impaired quality of life and increased standardized mortality ratio in these patients emphasize the importance of tailoring therapy to individual needs. Role of education is paramount in improving patient compliance and in anticipating and preventing adrenal crises. Although discovery of synthetic GCs was a major breakthrough in treatment of patients with this life-threatening condition, management of PAI continues to be challenging. The obstacles for clinicians appear to vary widely across the globe. While optimization and individualization of therapy after diagnosis of PAI remain the main challenges for clinicians in the developed world, doctors in a developing country face problems at almost every stage from the diagnosis to the treatment and follow-up of these patients; cost of therapy, lack of resources, and funding are the main hindrances. Adherence to therapy and patient education are found to be common issues in most parts of the world. This commentary highlights the challenges from both developed and developing country's perspective in treating PAI; it also provides an update on current management scenario and future treatment options.

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