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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-40

Prevalence rates of ADIPOQ polymorphisms in Indian population and a comparison with other populations


1 Genetics Department, Mapmygenome India Limited; Bioinformatics Department, Ocimum Biosolutions Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Genetics Department, Mapmygenome India Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Bioinformatics Department, Ocimum Biosolutions Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandhya Kiran Pemmasani
Mapmygenome India Limited, Royal Demeure, Huda Techno Enclave, Plot No. 12/2, Sector-1, Madhapur, Hyderabad - 500 081, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_294_17

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Introduction: The adiponectin gene, ADIPOQ, encodes an adipocytokine, known as adiponectin hormone. This hormone is known to be associated with insulin sensitization, fat metabolism, immunity, and inflammatory response. Polymorphisms in ADIPOQ gene lower the adiponectin levels, increasing the risk for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Aims: The study aimed to calculate the prevalence rates of ADIPOQ polymorphisms in Indian population and to compare those prevalence rates with that of other populations. Subjects and Methods: Microarray-based genotypic data of 14 ADIPOQ polymorphisms from 703 individuals of Indian origin were used. Statistical Analysis Used: Frequency estimation, identity-by-descent, Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, Chi-square test of significance were used for statistical analysis. Results: Allelic and genotypic frequencies of ADIPOQ polymorphisms, Chi-square tests of significance for allelic and genotypic frequencies across various populations. Conclusions: East Asians are very different from Indians in terms of allelic and genotypic frequencies of ADIPOQ polymorphisms. Europeans have similar genotypic and allelic patterns with Indians. Admixture Americans and Africans also showed significant differences with polymorphisms of the Indian population.


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