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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 215-221

Pandemic of Vitamin D deficiency: Cardiometabolic concern or skeletal biochemical abnormality?

1 Department of Endocrinology, IPGME and R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, Belle Vue Clinic, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, Apollo Gleaneagles Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Public Health, Indian Institute of Liver and Digestive Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sujoy Ghosh
Department of Endocrinology, IPGME and R, Kolkata, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_59_19

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Context: Biochemical Vitamin D deficiency is said to be present universally in recent times. However, its effect is more profound in modulation of anthropometric and biochemical risk factors of various chronic metabolic disorders rather than its influence on bone mineral abnormalities. The present study was undertaken to compare various anthropometric and biochemical parameters including basic bone mineral biochemistry in various strata of Vitamin D status. Materials and Methods: A population based study was done in the rural area of West Bengal comprising 405 people (initially targeted 400) to look for various anthropometric and biochemical parameters. Results: Anthropometric metabolic markers like BMI, WC, waist to height ratio and biochemical parameters like total cholesterol, LDL, TG, insulin, ALT, FPG were statistically significantly higher in vitamin D deficient (<20 ng/ml) (n = 228) subjects compared to Vitamin D non-deficient subjects (≥20 ng/ml) (n = 177) which persisted even after adjustment for BMI except for FPG. The difference was similarly present when severely Vitamin D deficient (<10 ng/ml) (n = 39) subjects were compared to Vitamin D sufficient subjects (≥30 ng/ml) (n = 38) and persisted after adjustment for BMI except for FPG. However, WHR, blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic), HbA1c, HDL, AST, Uric acid, freeT4, TSH, HOMA-IR were not different in both the above-mentioned comparisons. Metabolic syndrome was statistically significantly lower in vitamin D non-deficient subjects. Though iPTH was statistically significantly higher in the low vitamin D cohorts in both the comparisons, bone mineral markers like serum calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase were not different even when severely vitamin D deficient subjects were compared to vitamin D sufficient subjects. Conclusion: Pandemic of vitamin D deficiency is more likely to be associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors than biochemical bone mineral abnormality.

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