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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 407-411

Health-related quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a tertiary care hospital in India using Eq 5D 5L

1 Dr. Jivraj Mehta Smarak Health Foundation, Bakeri Medical Research Centre, Dr. Jivraj Mehta Marg, Paldi, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Dr. M.K. Shah Medical College and Research Centre, Chandkheda, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Varsha Jitendra Patel
Department of Pharmacology, Dr. M.K. Shah Medical College and Research Centre, Chandkheda, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_29_19

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Objective: To assess the health-related quality of life of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary hospital using EQ-5D-5L. Methods: The study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in India. The quality of life of patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus, age 18 years and older, attending outpatient departments of Medicine and Endocrinology was assessed with the help of EQ-5D-5L, a measure of self-reported health related quality of life. Data was analyzed to obtain EQ-5D-5L scores for the five dimensions and EQ VAS score. Correlation of EQ VAS score with different variables was analyzed. Results: Out of total 358 participants, 208 had comorbidities, hypertension being the most common. Mean age was 60.71 ± 11.41 years and 216 (58.9%) were female participants. Out of five dimensions, Mobility, Self-care, Usual activities, and Pain/discomfort were most affected in age group 71 years and above while anxiety/depression affected age group 18–30 years the most. Mean EQ VAS score was 78.83 ± 15.02. Female participants had significantly higher EQ VAS score (P = 0.00) than male participants. EQ VAS score showed significant negative correlation with uncontrolled state of diabetes (P = 0.000). There was significant difference in EQ VAS score between patients with and without comorbidities. (P =0.004) Cronbach alpha for EQ-5D-5L was 0.76. Conclusion: The results suggest that EQ-5D-5L is a reliable measure for assessing health related quality of life of patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Type 2 Diabetes adversely affects the quality of life of patients. Uncontrolled disease and comorbidities can further compromise the quality of life.

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