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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 491-494

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis in primary hyperparathyroidism - Case report with literature review

1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Abilash Nair
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 011, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_306_19

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Primary hyperparathyroidism is not common in children and adolescents. Association of slipped capital femoral epiphysis and hyperparathyroidism is rare. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy who presented with pain in both hips and limping. He was diagnosed to have bilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and underwent cancellous screw fixation of both hips. He had proximal myopathy and pain at multiple points over the chest. Examination revealed an emaciated patient with genu valgum, rachitic rosary, Harrison's sulcus, and bony tenderness over the ribs. Investigations showed PTH-dependent hypercalcemia with serum calcium levels reaching >17 mg/dL and electrocardiography showing QTc shortening. Imaging revealed parathyroid adenoma. The work up for multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes (MEN) was negative. Serum calcium was controlled by medical management and patient underwent expedited surgery. Postoperatively serum calcium levels normalized and patient became better biochemically and clinically including resolution of skeletal changes on follow-up. Only 12 cases of SCFE associated with primary hyperparathyroidism have been reported worldwide till date including the current case. The literature has been reviewed and it indicates that SCFE is associated with late adolescent age and severe hyperparathyroidism (severe bone disease, higher parathormone, serum calcium, and alkaline phosphatase levels).

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