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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 580-584

The clinical spectrum of fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes in Kashmir valley and comparative study of the clinical profile of fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus

1 Department of Endocrinology, Consultant Health, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Moomin Hussain Bhat
Department of Endocrinology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar - 190 011, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_297_19

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Background: Fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes (FCPD) is a secondary form of diabetes, described from several tropical countries, including India. We described the existence of this entity in the subtropical region-the Kashmir valley of the Indian subcontinent and compared the clinical characteristics of these patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Aim: The present study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of patients with FCPD and those with T2DM to identify the characteristics distinctive of FCPD. Materials and Methods: A total of 124 patients with FCPD were compared with 124 patients with T2DM matched for age and duration of diabetes. Biochemical parameters and microvascular and macrovascular complications were assessed in all patients. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to study the determinants of microvascular complications in both groups. Results: FCPD patients had significantly lower serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, and serum calcium levels but higher glycosylated hemoglobin levels compared to T2DM patients. FCPD participants were significantly leaner. The prevalence of retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy was similar between the two. Five T2DM patients had documented cardiovascular disease compared to one in FCPD patients (P < 0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed glycosylated hemoglobin and duration of diabetes to be significantly associated with retinopathy and nephropathy in T2DM. Among FCPD patients, glycosylated hemoglobin showed a strong association with retinopathy as well as nephropathy. BMI showed a significant negative association with nephropathy in FCPD patients. Age and age at onset showed a strong association with neuropathy in FCPD patients while the duration of diabetes showed the association with neuropathy (P = 0.015) in T2DM. Conclusion: There are several differences in the phenotype, biochemical parameters, and prevalence of diabetic complications between patients with FCPD and T2DM.

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