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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 623-627

Cross-sectional Study on vitamin D levels in stress urinary incontinence in women in a tertiary referral center in India

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Jai B Sharma
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_531_19

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Objective: To assess the levels of vitamin D in patients with Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) in gynecology clinic of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Materials and Methods: This is a cross sectional study on a total of 40 women presenting to gynecology outpatient department with stress urinary incontinence diagnosed by history and examination. The women were divided with moderate, severe and very severe SUI confirmed by incontinence severity index (ISI) and pad test. Vitamin D (serum 25 OH D) levels were measured in all cases by electrochemiluminenscene Immunoassay (ECLIA) using Roche Elecsys 2010 and levels of =30 ng/ml were taken as sufficient while levels between 20-30 ng/ml as insufficient and <20 ng/ml as deficient. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA test with P value of <0.05 taken as significant. Results: Mean age of patients was 41.6 years. Mean parity was 2.73 and mean duration of symptoms was 4.14 years. Vitamin D levels ranged between 6-38 ng/ml with mean being 17.15±8.1 ng/ml. Levels were deficient (<20 ng/ml) in 30 (75%) women, insufficient (20-30ng/ml) in 7 (17.5%) women and sufficient (>30ng/ml) in 3 (7.57%) women. There was no significant correlation between severely of SUI and levels of vitamin D with Vit D being 19.18±5.76 ng/ml in moderate SUI, 16.96±9.03 ng/ml in severe SUI and 13.60 ± 2.09 ng/ml in very severe SUI. Conclusion: There was very high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in SUI patients with 75% patients showing deficient levels and 17.5% showing insufficient levels in SUI patients. There is need to provide vitamin D supplementation in such women.

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