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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 333-337

Turner syndrome growth charts: A western India experience

1 Growth and Endocrine Unit, Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital; Department of Health Sciences, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Growth and Endocrine Unit, Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Anuradha V Khadilkar
Jehangir Hospital, 31, Sassoon Road, Pune - 411 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_123_20

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Background and Objectives: Disease specific growth charts are useful to monitor growth and disease progress in specific disorders such as Turner syndrome. As there is a paucity of data on spontaneous growth of Indian girls with Turner syndrome, the objectives were to construct reference curves for height and assess height velocity in Indian girls with Turner syndrome from 5 centers from western India. Material and Methods: Three hundred forty-eight readings of height and weight on 113 genetically proven girls with Turner Syndrome from 5 centers from western India were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Data were collected over the last 2 decades (GH treatment naive girls were included). The method described by Lyon et al. was used to compute smoothed standard deviations and percentiles for height. For computing growth velocities, longitudinal data were used on 104 untreated girls (longitudinal readings for height for a minimum of 3 years were used). Midparental height z scores (MPHZ) were computed. Results: In girls with Turner syndrome, the mean adult height was found to be 140.1 cm. Height velocity was low at all ages compared to normal girls with a notable difference beyond the age of 10 years where normally, a growth spurt is expected. The MPH Z-score correlated positively with the height Z-score. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th height percentiles of Turner girls at all ages were lower than normal girls' charts. Conclusion: Turner syndrome charts for height are presented; these charts may be used to monitor growth in girls with Turner syndrome.

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