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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 512-517

Hypovitaminosis D and Its Relationship with Diabetes Mellitus among the Postmenopausal Women in Jashore, Bangladesh


1 Department of Medicine, Jashore Medical College, Jashore, Bangladesh
2 Department of Haematology, National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhali, Bangladesh
3 Department of Microbiology, Jashore Medical College, Jashore, Bangladesh
4 Department of Peadiatric Haemato-Oncology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Goutam Kumar Acherjya
Assistant Professor (Medicine), Jashore Medical College, Jashore
Bangladesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_312_19

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Background and Objectives: Vitamin D has diversity of functions including diabetes mellitus by its anti-inflammatory and immuno-modulatory effects. With the scarcity of the regarding data in Bangladesh, the aim of this study was to assess the relationship between hypovitaminosis D and diabetes mellitus among the postmenopausal women. Methods: An observational study conducted from 1st July to 31st December, 2018 in Jashore, Bangladesh that recruited 152 eligible apparently healthy natural postmenopausal women above 45 years without having any chronic diseases and drugs interfering vitamin D metabolism. Data was taken by face to face interview through self-administered questionnaires. Independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to extract P value and Hochberg's post-hoc test used as equal variance assumed in homogeneous sample to evaluate deference between different groups. Results: Among 152 study subjects, the frequency of diabetes and prediabetes were 28.3% and 31.6%, respectively, among the postmenopausal women by fasting blood sugar level according to the ADA guideline. The study revealed 86 (52.58%) deficient, 56 (36.84%) insufficient, and only 10 (6.58%) sufficient Vitamin D level. Illiterate subjects had less hypovitaminosis D than literate subjects. Urban subjects had more in deficiency state of Vitamin D than rural subjects' on the other hand rural subjects had more insufficiency of Vitamin D. Obese individuals suffered more in hypovitaminosis D than others. There was no significant statically relationship found between FBS and 25(OH)D Level in this study. Conclusion: With high frequency of diabetes and hypovitaminosis D among the postmenopausal women but there is no statically significant relationship found between diabetes and hypovitaminosis D in this study.


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